Defining The Tipology Of Islamic Architecture Base On Al Qur’an And Al-Hadiths (Case Study: Salman ITB Mosque)

Penulis: Bhakti Alamsyah
Kata Kunci: Islamic architecture, building type and typology
The progress of industrial technology allows man to make several changes and new inventions, including the creation of architectural feats. From the dawn of the civilization, the homo-sapiens led a nomadic life and took shelter from the caves or the top of the trees until they settle down and make hut in special places on the surface of the earth, along the river banks, the lowlands and the hill tops. The need to be sheltered from the elements of nature is intensively developed and from here architecture started to advance in enhancing the complexity of building design. The appearance of the new form in the building design sometimes triggers the debate especially the idea of “concept, technique, function as well as the environmental considerations”. Actually, the new form in building design originated from various basic design principles which emerge from the concepts propagated by the architect. For example in the mosque’s design, the approach consists of ‘compulsory’ elements, such as dome, minaret and mihrab. Likewise, Achmad Noe’man one of the famous architects in Indonesia, attempts a new approach in the building design through conceptualizing the true faith of Islam and the motives of Islamic elements in the building designs. Salman Mosque at Institue of Technology Bandung is a good example where the architect portrays the significant of Islamic elements and concepts in the buildings.  In this paper the authors attempt to examine and discuss the buildings that has been designed by the architect and analyze the cases in order to find out how the new ‘typology’ emerged with his conceptualizing of the Islamic faith from Al-Qur’an and Sunnah.  Here the understanding of the Islamic tenets were expressed in the building where as the prevalent architects develop conventional architecture to match the rapid development which favored the modernist approach.